How to Change the Location of a Cat Litter Box

Can I move my cat’s litter box? It is an often-asked question among pet owners, and the simple answer is yes – but take some time to think about it first. Just like humans, cats prefer where they want to do their business. Put their litter box in an inconvenient location or move it too quickly. You might find that your kitty chooses other undesirable places when using the bathroom. Here are some things to consider before, during, and after you move a cat’s litter box to a new location.

Caymus doing his duty in the NVR Miss Litter Box (two are stacked together here)

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Before: Litter Box Location Ideas

Before you move your cat’s litter box, brainstorm the pros and cons of different locations. Try to think in your kitty’s mind, and avoid playing “musical litter boxes” with your cat by changing the location too often. Here are a few factors to consider:

  • Accessibility/Convenience – Where will they want to go? Moving the litter box upstairs to the basement might be hard for older cats, cats with health problems, or kittens that have just eaten and are looking for a nearby litter box.
  • Cat Conflicts – If you have multiple cats, are there any conflicts or dominance dynamics that affect where a cat will go? One of your cats might be an alpha cat, and your other cat might be a bit afraid of them and have difficulty overcoming the fear of using a particular litter box.
  • Noisy Appliances – Proximity to noisy appliances like furnaces, washing machines, or dishwashers might also be problematic because the noise of them turning on suddenly might frighten a cat.
  • Safety – ensure the area is well-lit and not too loud – cats want to feel welcome and comfortable using their litter box.
  • Avoid Heat Sources – higher temperatures amplify unpleasant smells, which will be bothersome for you but worse for your cat, who won’t want to use the litter box.
  • Avoid Food – cats aren’t disgusting and don’t want to eat right next to where they poop.

Remember that the general rule for litter boxes is that you should have three litter boxes if you have two cats. However, some cats prefer at least two litter boxes: one for pooing and one for peeing.

Can I move my cat’s litter box? Yes. When changing litter box locations, the key strategies are to find a convenient location for your cat, take the move slowly, and then remember to keep the box clean so your cat will continue to use it.

During: Move a Cat Litter Box to Another Room

Litter Box Setup. 2 plastic bin litter boxes side by side on a carpet mat

If you want to move the litter box from the basement to the first floor, you have too much ground that your cat can cover just out of memory. Unfortunately, having the second litter box for the move would be best.

To reduce the stress of moving the litter box, you have to make the process develop gradually over a few days. Here are the main steps:

  • Place the second litter box in the desired new location, but keep the old litter box in its place.- this way, your cat will have a backup litter box where it already feels comfortable until it gets accustomed to the new one.
  • Show your cat the new litter box. – This introduction step is essential; your cat may embrace the new location from the start. Even if it doesn’t, you still have to show it where it is several times.

*Some articles advise waiting until your cat has to urinate and taking it to the new litter box. Others even advise taking your cat from its old litter box while it is using it and taking it to the new litter box. We strongly recommend that you do not do that. This is highly intrusive and could result in emotional trauma.

  • Move the old litter box closer to the new location. – In our example, take it to the entrance to the basement because it will keep the old litter box on the route your cat is used to taking, but show it that something is changing.
  • Keep showing your cat the new litter box, but do not force it into using it. – Perseverance will earn you points in this task, but so will a light touch. Take your cat to the new litter box and put it inside it only if the cat permits you to do that. Stop and let the cat go if it shows any sign of opposing this.
  • Close the entrance to the old location of the litter box and move the old litter box closer to the new one. – Setting boundaries is very important, and one of them is letting your cat know that the old location of the litter box is no longer available. Placing its old litter box on the way to the new one will ease the relocation process. You should expect a bit of a protest, so do not be surprised if your cat marks its territory in front of the closed door.
LitterLocker® Litter Box with Scoop next to a cat using a litter locker box

If the marking persists for over a week, consider placing a litter box there. It is much easier to praise your cat for doing something good (using a litter box) than to scold it for doing something bad (marking the carpet). In addition, there are other ways of making that specific place undesirable, such as placing a litter box your cat does not like, which will most likely make it go to the other one.

Has your cat started to use the new litter box in the new location?

1. Yes – Then you are almost done with the moving process. All you have left is to remove the old litter box, leaving the new location as the sole option. As for the litter boxes, you can place both in the new location, so your cat feels comfortable. You can then see which one it prefers and keep that one.

2. No – If your cat is using its old litter box placed in the intermediate location but refuses to use the new litter box in the new location, there is a chance that it may not like the box itself. So your next step is to gradually move the old litter box closer to the new location until you replace the new litter box with it altogether. The new location, same old litter box, happy cat.

*If your cat stops using the old litter box once you pass a certain point, you may have to reconsider your choice for the new location. Read about the ideal characteristics of the location of a litter box below and find a new place to relocate the litter box.

During: Making the Move without a Second Litter Box

This is the quickest way to make the move, and the steps are pretty straightforward. If you want to move your cat’s litter box without using a second box, then here is what you have to do:

  • Place the litter box in the new location.
  • Close the entrance to the old location and keep it closed for the following days. – This way, your cat won’t have a choice, and it will have to go to the new place.
  • Show your cat where you put the litter box. – You must do this several times for it to sink in. Rest assured that your cat will remember where the litter box is; the question remains whether or not it will want to use it.
  • The moving process should go smoothly if your cat accepts the new location. However, if it does not accept it, you should expect protests. Here are only a few ways this can manifest itself:
  • Your cat can mark the place right in front of the old location, presuming it is still closed off.
  • If the old location is available, it can mark the territory there.
  • As a sign of protest, it can urinate or defecate outside the litterbox (in the new location). Suppose this behavior persists, and your cat does not accept the new location of the litter box for a week or more. In that case, consider finding a new location. Traumas caused by litter boxes can lead to behavior issues in cats. If you can prevent these, then you are well-advised to.

Making the move with a second litter box

Modkat Open Tray Litterbox Product Review Floppycats. Cat sitting in litter boxes that are side by side

A second litter box might make the process smoother, even if you move it to another room. Here are the steps you want to take:

  1. Place the new litter box in the new location and leave the old one where it is.
  2. Show your cat the new litter box and let it get used to it stress-free. As we described for big moves, having the old litter box in the place your cat is already familiar with will reduce the stress of the transition.
  3. Move the old litter box outside the room of the old location – this will show your cat that a change is coming, but it will ease it into the process.
  4. Close the door to the old location – this will show your cat that the old location of the litter box is no longer an option.
  5. Keep showing your cat the new litter box. Repetition is essential; eventually, your cat will take the hint, so keep showing it where the new litter box is without forcing it into use. Be perseverant but not intrusive.
  6. Make the new location the only option – either by placing both litter boxes in the new location or by keeping just one of them there, make the new location the only option for your cat. This will show it that this is the new place for it to go.

As for the version with the second litter box, there is a chance that your cat will not like it. This means that it will protest for a while. If this type of behavior persists, then you should reconsider the new location you have chosen. But what makes a good place for the litterbox?

After: Keeping the Litter Box Clean

One consideration when you move a litter box is whether it will be convenient for you. One of pet owners’ biggest litter box mistakes is neglecting to clean litter boxes, which can be very off-putting for a cat. Scooping the litter twice a day is best. Also, remember the box itself can become smelly and offensive to cats, particularly plastic boxes, so try to replace them once a year.

The Dos and Don’ts of Litterboxes

Choosing the correct place for your litter box has a significant impact on the relationship that your cat has with it. A good place will generate a healthy relationship. In contrast, the wrong place can cause litter box mishaps, emotional trauma, and even chronic urinary tract issues in your cat. Here are the Dos and Don’ts of litter boxes:

What kind of litter box to choose?

Modkat Open Tray Litterbox Product Review Floppycats Birds Eye View. Cat sitting in litter box.

Do – Open litter boxes are ideal – In these, a cat can see everything in every direction, making it feel calm. Moreover, it will not feel secluded or pressured inside, which should help your cat accept the litter box easily.

Do – Closed litter boxes must have at least two openings -to avoid traumatizing the cat, make sure your cat has at least two entrances. This will make it feel less confined when it is using it.

Don’t – Closed litter boxes with only one entrance– can trigger a claustrophobic reaction in your cat. While the top makes it much easier for you, it makes the litter box a negative space for your cat. Some cat owners place these next to walls and sometimes even facing a wall, making it quite dark and scary for the cat. Suppose two cats are using this type of litter box. In that case, one of them may end up trapped inside by the other, which can be a very traumatic experience, so it is best to avoid it.

How many litter boxes per household?

The house’s ideal number of litter boxes is 1 per cat plus one extra. That means two litter boxes for one cat, three for two cats, four for three cats, and so on.

Having spare litter boxes for your cats will help them feel more comfortable and prevent them from fighting over the litter box. If you live in a place with more than one floor, you should have one litter box on every floor.

Do – Place the litter boxes in separate places in your home – make sure the cats can territorially identify the entire home by placing the litter boxes in different rooms.

Don’t – Place the litter boxes one next to the other – This might encourage fighting over litter boxes and could prove inefficient for one of the cats.

Why Is It Important That Your Cat Has a Good Relationship with the Litter Box?

From choosing the correct litter box to finding the ideal spot to place it in and all the way to going through the entire moving process, everything is essential when it comes to litter boxes because your cat should feel entirely comfortable using it. Here are a few reasons why:

Litterbox-Related Traumas

This is usually the first step of an unhealthy litter box routine. Suppose your cat gets scared or goes through a traumatic episode involving the litter box, such as being trapped inside a box with a single opening or constantly interrupted while urinating. In that case, it will have a reaction to it. Part of it will be behavioral, and that stress will be relieved in another way, such as scratching the couch or marking the carpet. The other part will be the long-term effect of a stressful relationship with a litter box, which is urinary tract issues.

Stress Bladder and Chronic Urinary Tract Illnesses

When cats avoid using the litter box for a prolonged time (weeks to months), they may develop a stressed bladder. This means that they will have a new urination pattern. Therefore, they will avoid using the litter box for as long as possible. When they do, they will try to urinate as quickly as possible. This leads to the incomplete evacuation of the bladder’s urine, which can lead to chronic illnesses of the urinary tract.

Chronic Digestive Issues

If a cat avoids using the litter box, it will also have a precarious defecation pattern. As a result, it will be bloated and constipated for an extended period, which could lead to chronic issues of the digestive tract over the years.

The LitterLocker – Your Own Portable Litter Trash Can

LitterLocker Fashion 10400 Cat Litter Disposal Bucket

One easy way to help keep your litter box clean is by having a litter disposal system like the LitterLocker or the Litter Genie nearby.

This trash can is just for cat litter – it’s designed to lock in odors and bacteria as it keeps any clumped litter and poop trapped behind a second lid – so when you open it, you aren’t suddenly hit by the smells of older waste.

And because it’s so portable, having it next to your litter box is convenient. So if you move the litter tray, you don’t need to think about whether there’s a trash can nearby or how you will bag up the used litter. It’s all managed with the LitterLocker.

Purchase the Litter Genie XL (like the LitterLocker) on Chewy


This story is from a Floppycat reader:

“2 years ago, my 7-year-old Ragdoll, Bugsy, started going to the litter box repeatedly. It appeared he had a UTI. I took him to the vet, where they ran many tests, and it was determined he had Idiopathic Cystitis brought on by stress. 

We had recently moved into a new house, and I had purchased a piece of cat furniture that hid the litter box inside, and being enclosed stressed him out. Once I removed the furniture, the problem cleared up.

Fast forward two years later, I was tired of sweeping litter constantly, so I purchased an enclosed litter box and hoped the original stress was the new house and not the box. I was wrong. He started the same bladder issues of urinating every few minutes and eventually little drops of blood. I immediately purchased a large Rubbermaid tote.

It was the biggest box I could find with high sides but not enclosed. I cut out an entrance/exit for him, and within two days, his cystitis had cleared up, and he was much more relaxed.  I never knew this to be a thing, but it absolutely is. The big tote keeps the litter in better kid, and he has plenty of room to move around and do his business. Hope this helps someone else.”

Litter Box for cat with UTI. Cat standing next to litter box

Litterboxes that readers love:

  • LitterLocker Litter Box (In the USA, this is sold as Litter Genie )

Litter Genie Cat Litter Box

The LitterLocker Litter Box is a high-quality product made by a Canadian brand designed to keep all the kitty litter scatters inside. It has two flexible high sidewalls with handles, a high back wall, and a short front wall. This will permit your cat to enter the box easily.

The LitterLocker Litter Box is 22.3 x 17.6 x 16 inches, making it fit into most bathrooms and large enough for any cat. Its shape is designed primarily to reduce litter scatter to a minimum.

The flexible sides make this litter box adaptable to small places. For instance, if you want to place it between two walls or between a wall and your toilet, the sidewalls of the litter box can be bent to fit.

Purchase on Chewy

NVR MIss litter box

The NVR Miss Litter Box is a simple yet effectively designed litter pan. The litter tray’s high walls are perfect for avoiding spilling and litter scatter, while the large cut out to the side of the box allows for easy entry and exit for your pet cat.

Purchase NVR Miss Litterbox

Litter Robot with cat inside and app on phone

Great for those working long hours away from home, those with multiple cats, and many other reasons. Read more in-depth about the high-tech cat litter box here. 


Purchase Litter-Robot Open Air Automatic Litter box

IRIS USA Open Top Cat Litter Box Kit with Shield & Scoop, Blue CLH-12

The Iris cat litter box with shield and scoop has extra-tall walls on three sides to help contain litter and spray while keeping dirt out. In addition, this open-top cat litter container provides quick and easy access. In contrast, the deep litter pan design gives your cat a semi-private space.

Purchase IRIS Open Top Cat Litter Box Kit with Shield

Nature's Miracle High-Sided Litter Box, 23 x 18.5 x 11 inches

  • Antimicrobial product protection
  • High sides to prevent litter scatter
  • Easy clean spout
  • Non-stick surface for easy cleaning

Purchase Nature’s Miracle High-Sided Litter Box

Frisco High-Sided Litter Box XL

Frisco High Sided Cat Litter Box

This hard plastic litter box has high sides with a lowered step-in front. It’s resistant to scratches and made from BPA-free plastic, so it is safe to use. At 24 inches long, it’s easily large enough for bigger cats to be comfortable. At the same time, the 10-inch high sides will help keep litter from being scattered.

Buy the Frisco High-Sided Litter Box XL on Chewy

Other tools you might need:

Floppycats Favorite Litter Scoop:

  1. The Litter Lifter Cat Litter Scoop

Litter Lifter Cat Litter Scoop (Colors May Vary)

Meet the cat litter scoop that will change your life. Seriously. You think I’m being dramatic. I am not. The Litter-Lifter is a highly efficient scooper and, hands down, my favorite litter scoop on the market.

Purchase The Litter Lifter Cat Litter Scoop on Amazon.

2.       Frisco Litter Mat

A cat walking out of a liter box on to the Frisco Litter Mat

The Frisco Litter Mat is a simple mat that can be placed under or in front of the litter box to catch all the litter granules that cats track on their paws or when they toss the litter around to clean it. The mat is lightweight, and it is also anti-slip. It is also easy to clean – give it a shake or vacuum it to eliminate litter.

Purchase the Frisco Litter Mat

3. Litter Genie

Litter Genie Plus Pail, Ultimate Cat Litter Disposal System, Locks Away odors, Includes One Refill, Black,Small

How does it work? You scoop the soiled cat litter clumps into the unit and pull the handle to help seal away the waste. The system locks in the odor through its antimicrobial protection feature. It even comes with a scoop for your convenience.

Purchase them in Large and X-Large

[adthrive-in-post-video-player video-id=”6G5iwRGZ” upload-date=”2022-11-01T04:10:24.000Z” name=”Litter Genie Demo Setup Video – How to Use Litter Genie Cat Disposal System.mp4″ description=”In this video, I show how to put the Litter Genie together after you buy it from the store. I also show how to insert and use the litter genie refill. And finally, I show how to use it once it’s put together.” player-type=”default” override-embed=”default”]

What suggestions do you have for changing the location of a cat litter box?

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Hi, I’m Jenny Dean, creator of Floppycats! Ever since my Aunt got the first Ragdoll cat in our family, I have loved the breed. Inspired by my childhood Ragdoll cat, Rags, I created Floppycats to connect, share and inspire other Ragdoll cat lovers around the world,

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6 Comments

  1. Teresa Reid says:

    Great advice and wisdom Jenny! Yes, the trick is to go SLOW and if they show any anxiety of not wanting to go in the new box, move it back cause it’s not worth a serious problem. We might not consider it as a big deal, but it might be considered huge to our babies!❤

  2. Wonderful topic & post, Jenny! I totally agree with everything you suggest. I really have nothing more to add other than to say thank you for this great information and that Miss PSB lurves having two litter boxes (one for pee & one for poo). 🙂 <3

    Oh, AND we lurve the NVR Miss Litter Boxes and The Litter Lifter!!!!

    Big hugs & lots of love!!!!

    Patti & Miss Pink Sugarbelle 🙂 <3

    1. me too – i love all of our litter boxes, litter mats and litter scoops – it is a working factory =)

    2. Cynthia Ray says:

      Question. What about 2nd litter box? Upstairs and downstairs. Will it be confusing? I ask this because the upstairs room got closed he had an accident. Then I found a second surprise, i think maybe I should have two in case if emergency back up. Good idea?

      1. not sure i follow – but the rule is 1 litter box plus 1, so one litter box isn’t enough per cat. and frankly, if they are having “accidents” have enough so no more accidents happen. that’s why i have 5 – don’t want accidents!

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